Thus began the Later Chola dynasty

Cholas dating sites

The status of women was varied. Historic records exist thereafter, including inscriptions on temples. During this period, the society became increasingly sophisticated. The local Kannada language was widely used in the rising number of devotional movements to express the ecstatic experience of closeness to the deity vachanas and devaranama. Punishment for minor crimes were in the form of fines or a direction for the offender to donate to some charitable endowment.

The modern interest in the Hoysalas is due to their patronage of art and architecture rather than their military conquests. Shaiva merchants of Halebidu financed the construction of the Hoysaleswara temple to compete with the Chennakesava temple built at Belur, elevating Halebidu to an important city as well. The Cholas were looked on as descended from the sun.

Shantala Devi, queen of Vishnuvardhana, was a Jain but nevertheless commissioned the Hindu Kappe Chennigaraya temple in Belur, evidence that the royal family was tolerant of all religions. This period saw constant warfare between the Cholas and these antagonists. Temple building served a commercial as well as a religious function and was not limited to any particular sect of Hinduism.

Shantala Devi queen of Vishnuvardhana wasThis period saw

The brisk temple building throughout the kingdom was accomplished despite constant threats from the Pandyas to the south and the Seunas Yadavas to the north. The last Chalukya king's territories did not even include the erstwhile Chalukyan capitals Badami, Manyakheta or Kalyani.