More will be said on this later

Carbon to nitrogen dating

However, in the extreme upper atmosphere there are photons striking the atmosphere of such high energy that they initiate reactions of molecules or even change the nature of atoms themselves. Carbon is formed in the upper atmosphere by the bombardment of nitrogen by cosmic rays.

Cosmic rays are

Cosmic rays are protons, particles and some heavier ions. This man-made fluctuation wasn't a natural occurrence, but it demonstrates the fact that fluctuation is possible and that a period of natural upheaval upon the earth could greatly affect the ratio. It can't be used to date rocks directly. The radiation is actually quite small. Ultraviolet light is responsible for initiating chemical reactions through a process called photodissociation.

This manmade fluctuation

Carbon is a naturally abundant element found in the atmosphere, in the earth, in the oceans, and in every living creature. Samples were taken from the Shroud and sent to several laboratories along with other samples of fabrics of known ages. First of all, it's predicated upon a set of questionable assumptions.

The transfer between the ocean shallow layer and the large reservoir of bicarbonates in the ocean depths occurs at a limited rate. Dating Methods using Radioactive Isotopes Oliver Seely Radiocarbon method The age of ancient artifacts which contain carbon can be determined by a method known as radiocarbon dating. Precise measurements taken over the last years have shown a steady decay in the strength of the earth's magnetic field. However, once an organism dies, and is somehow buried, the exchange of Carbon stops.